|The city is so well captured on this stained-glass window |
at the Central Station.
Above the river valleys is the old town, with what is left from the old fortress that defended this place. When the Spanish ruled here in the 17th Century, they started digging into the sandstone cliffside to make casemates, which is basically caves with guns in them. This work was continued by the subsequent rulers like the French, Preussians, Habsburgers, and in total there is 23 kilometers of tunnel under the city, most of which is closed off now. Some, however, is open to the public and naturally, we had to take a look.
|This is the Passerelle, or the Old Bridge, or the Luxembourg Viaduct (must be loved, with so many names), which we had to cross to get into the city centre - our hotel was only a stone´s throw from the Central Station, on Rue de la Gare.|
|Constitution Square is built on top of old fortifications.|
There are casemates underneath, but they only let you in on guided tours.
|The Pont Adolphe from 1903 is a quite famous bridge (not that I had ever heard of it...), but it was being renovated. It looks like this underneath the bandages.|
|This part of town is called Grund, a German word that means foundation. |
This is below the fortress, where the rivers meet,
probably the whole reason for Luxemburg being where it is, so the name is apt.
|The casemates from outside.|
|The casemates from inside.|
|The red bridge, or The Grand Duchess Charlotte Bridge, viewed from the casemates. One has to cross it to get to the airport and Kirchberg, which is the location of the EU institutions of Luxemburg.|
|The railway bridge. The bridges really have a profound impact on the landscape .|